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APA Citation & Formatting : Journal Articles

Attention Students!

This guide covers APA 7th Edition. Your instructor may choose to use APA 6th Edition. Please make sure that you are using the citation style required by your instructor.

This guide is a starting point only. For full details on correctly citing resources and creating references, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020).

How Do I Cite Journal Articles?

  

Reference List Entry: Format (10.1)
Author, A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number (Issue Number), Page numbers. DOI

Example:
Hackett, G. I. (2015). Controversies in the diagnosis and management of testosterone deficiency syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 187 (18), 1342-1344. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.151208

Please Note! The DOI for this article appears at the end of the article, rather than at the top. It is important to read thoroughly in order to find all of the information required for the reference list entry. 

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), e.g.: (Hackett, 2015)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), e.g.: (Hackett, 2015, p. 35)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), e.g.: Hackett (2015)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page Number), e.g.: Hackett (2015, p. 35)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.1)
Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Date). Title of article. Title of JournalVolume Number (Issue Number), Page numbers. DOI

Example:
Naumann, D. N., Doughty, H., & Cotton, B. A. (2018). No gains with plasma-first resuscitation in urban settings? The Lancet, 392 (10144), 255-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31565-4

Remember! In a reference list entry, up to 20 authors' names can be listed. Each name is separated by a comma, with an ampersand (&) used before the final author's name (9.8).

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author & Author, Date) or (Author et al., Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Naumann et al., 2018)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author & Author, Date, Page number) or (Author et al., Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Naumann et al., 2018, p. 394)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author & Author (Date) or Author et al. (Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Naumann et al. (2018)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author & Author (Date, Page number) or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Naumann et al. (2018, p. 394)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.1)
Author, A. (Date). Title of article. Title of JournalVolume Number (Issue Number), Page numbers. DOI

Please Note! If an online work has both a DOI and a URL, include only the DOI (9.34).

Example:
Jawed, Z., & Krantzberg, G. (2019). A comparative analysis of practitioners' experience in sediment remediation projects to highlight best practices. Water Quality Research Journal, 54 (1), 10-33. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wqrj.2018.020

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), or (Author & Author, Date), or (Author, et al., Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Jawed & Krantzberg), 2019)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), or (Author & Author, Date, Page number), or (Author, et al., Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Jawed & Krantzberg, 2019, p. 119)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), or Author and Author (Date), or Author et al. (Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Jawed and Krantzberg (2019)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), or Author and Author (Date, Page number), or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Jawed and Krantzberg (2019, p. 119)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.1) 
Author, A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number (Issue Number), Page numbers. DOI 

Example:
Kesavan, R., Mascarenhas, O., & Bernacchi, M. D. (2019). Passive consumers, vulnerabilities and public policies. Business and Economics Research Journal, 10 (5), 1095-1108. http://dx.doi.org/10.20409/berj.2019.224

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), (Author & Author, Date), or (Author, et al., Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Kesavan et al., 2019)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), (Author & Author, Date, Page number), or (Author, et al., Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Kesavan et al., 2019, p. 75)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), Author and Author (Date), or Author et al. (Datefor articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Kesavan et al. (2019)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), Author and Author (Date, Page number), or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Kesavan et al. (2019, p. 75)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.1)
Author, A. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number (Issue Number), Page numbers. URL

Example:
Staider, D.R. (2020). Out-of-control biases have one solution. Psychology Todayhttps://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/bias-fundamentals/202001/out-context-biases-all-have-one-solution

Please Note! If a piece of information cannot be found, omit it and move on to the next piece of information required for the reference list entry. In the example above, the volume and issue number and the page numbers are not provided. Therefore, they are omitted from the reference list entry.    

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), (Author & Author, Date), or (Author, et al., Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Staider, 2019)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), (Author & Author, Date, Page number), or (Author, et al., Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: (Staider, 2019, p. 109)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), Author and Author (Date), or Author et al. (Date) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Staider (2019)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), Author and Author (Date, Page number), or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for articles with three or more authors, e.g.: Staider (2019, p. 109)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Please Note!

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020). Library staff have reviewed the information in this guide, and to the best of our knowledge, it is accurate. However, mistakes do occur. Students bear sole responsibility for ensuring that their citations are correct, and that their assignments meet the criteria laid out by their instructor. Students are encouraged to contact Peer Tutoring or the Writing Clinic for assistance.