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APA Citation & Formatting : Images & Visual Resources

Attention Students!

This guide covers APA 7th Edition. Your instructor may choose to use APA 6th Edition. Please make sure that you are using the citation style required by your instructor.

This guide is a starting point only. For full details on correctly citing resources and creating references, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020).

Add Top Box How Do I Cite Images & Other Visual Resources?

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Reference List Entry: Format (10.14)
Photographer, P. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Museum Name. Museum Location. OR Name of Website. URL if applicable.

Example:
Lambeth, M.T.H. (1956). Queen Street East, Toronto [Photograph]. Art Gallery of Ontario. Toronto, Ontario. https://ago.ca/collection/object/2000/9

Parenthetical Citation 
(Artist, Date), e.g.: (Lambeth, 1956)

Narrative Citation
Artist (Date), e.g.: Lambeth (1956)

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Use this format to cite all types of museum artwork, including paintings, sculptures, photographs, prints, drawings, and installations. Always include a description of the medium or format in square brackets after the title. If the work does not have a title, include a description in square brackets after the date.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.14)
Artist, A. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Museum Name. Museum Location. URL if applicable.

Example:
Thompson, T. (ca. 1915-1916). After the sleet storm [Painting]. The Thompson Collection at the Art Gallery of Ontario. Toronto, Ontario. https://ago.ca/collection/object/agoid.69250

Parenthetical Citation 
(Artist, Date), e.g.: (Thompson, ca. 1915-1916)

Narrative Citation
Artist (Date), e.g.: Thompson (ca.1915-1916)

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Reference List Entry: Format (10.14)
Creator, C. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Website name. URL.

Example:
liftarn. (2020). Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 [ Clip art]. Openclipart. https://openclipart.org/detail/319945/symptoms-of-coronavirus-disease-2019

Please Note! Clip art creators might only be credited with a screen name. Cite the screen name as it appears (9.8). If both a screen name and a given name are known, provide the given name followed by the screen name in square brackets.

Parenthetical Citation 
(Creator, Date), e.g.: (liftarn, 2020)

Narrative Citation
Creator (Date), e.g.: liftarn (2020)

Remember! The examples above are used only to cite clip art. To reproduce clip art or stock images, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference. No citation, permission, or copyright attribution is necessary for clip art from programs like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint (see Section 12.15).

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Reference List Entry: Format (10.14)
Creator, C. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Website name. URL.

Example:
Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival. https://www.worldsciencefestival.com/2015/11/space-junk-infographic/

Please Note! Clip art creators might only be credited with a screen name. Cite the screen name as it appears (9.8). If both a screen name and a given name are known, provide the given name followed by the screen name in square brackets.

Parenthetical Citation 
(Creator, Date), e.g.: (Rossman & Palmer, 2015)

Narrative Citation
Creator (Date), e.g.: Rossman and Palmer (2015)

Remember! The examples above are used only to cite an infographic. To reproduce an infographic, permission and/or a copyright attribution may be necessary in addition to the reference (see Section 12.15).

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Reference List Entry: Format (10.14)
Creator, C. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Website name. URL.

Remember! Dynamically created maps (e.g., Google Maps) do not have a title. For materials that do not have a title, describe the material in square brackets, and include a retrieval date.

Remember! If no date of publication is available, insert "n.d.", meaning "no date", in place of the date of publication.

Remember! If the author or creator and the publisher are the same entity, omit the publisher from the reference list entry.

Example:
​Google. (n.d.). [Google Maps directions for driving between Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories, to Yellowknife, Northwest Territories]. Retrieved April 2, 2020 from https://bit.ly/3bIlXgn

Parenthetical Citation 
(Creator, Date), e.g.: (Google, n.d.)

Narrative Citation
Creator (Date), e.g.: Google (n.d.)

Please Note!

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020). Library staff have reviewed the information in this guide, and to the best of our knowledge, it is accurate. However, mistakes do occur. Students bear sole responsibility for ensuring that their citations are correct, and that their assignments meet the criteria laid out by their instructor. Students are encouraged to contact Peer Tutoring or the Writing Clinic for assistance.