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APA Citation & Formatting : Films & Videos

Attention Students!

This guide is a starting point only. For full details on correctly citing resources and creating references, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020).

It is important to remember that Library staff do not teach APA, and will not evaluate or correct work. If you need help with APA Style, contact your instructor, or contact the Student Success Hub to request a meeting with a peer tutor or the Writing Clinic.

A Note About Authors for Films & Videos

The "author" for a film, video, or other types of audiovisual resources is determined by the type of media. The chart below, adapted from a chart on page 341 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed, shows who should be included as an author for different types of media.

Media Type Included as the Author
Film Director
Television series Executive producer(s) or producer(s)
Television episode or webisode Writer and director of the episode
YouTube, or other streaming video Person or group who uploaded the video
TED Talk Speaker

How Do I Cite Films & Videos?

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Director, D. (Director). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Production company.

Example:
Martin, C. A. (Director). (2002). The Spirit of Annie Mae [Film]. National Film Board of Canada.

Parenthetical Citation 
(Director, Date), e.g.: (Martin, 2002)

Narrative Citation
Director (Date), e.g.: Martin (2015)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Director, D. (Director). (Date). Title of work [Translation of title] [Description]. Production company.

Remember! When the title of a film is in a different language from that of the paper, include a translation of the title in square brackets (9.38).

Example:
Melgar, F. (Director). (2014). L'abri [The shelter] [Film]. National Film Board of Canada.

Parenthetical Citation 
(Director, Date), e.g.: (Melgar, 2014)

Narrative Citation
Director (Date), e.g.: Melgar (2014)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Producer, P. (Producer). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Production company. 

Remember! A director, host, or producer can be listed as an "author" (10.2).

Please Note! When a series spans multiple years, include both years as part of the date, and separate the years with a dash. If a series is still in production, replace the second year with the word "present", e.g.: (2012-2018) or (2016-present).

Example:
Walker, C. (Producer). (2012). The 8th fire [TV series]. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Remember! Look at the material itself to get all of the necessary citation information. In this case, the name of the producer, the date of production, and the name of the production company are all found in the credits.

Parenthetical Citation 

(Producer, Date), or (Producer & Producer, Date), or (Producer et al., Date) for works with three or more producers, e.g.: (Walker, 2012)

Narrative Citation
Producer (Date), Producer and Producer (Date), or Producer et al. (Date) for works with three or more producers, e.g.: Walker (2012)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Director, D. (Director). (Date). Episode title (Season or series number, Episode number) [Description]. In P. Producer (Producer or Executive Producer) Title of work. Production company. 

Example:
Paquet, D. (Director). (2017). New times, new ways, part 1 of 2 (Series 5, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. In N. Dubois (Producer), Canada: a people's history. CBC Radio Canada.

Parenthetical Citation 
(Director, Date), e.g.: (Paquet, 2017)

Narrative Citation
Director (Date), e.g.: Paquet (2017)

 

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Speaker, S. (Date). Title [Description]. Production company. URL

Example:
Mohammed, E. (March 2014). The courage to tell a hidden story. [Video]. TEDTalks. https://www.ted.com/talks/eman_mohammed_the_courage_to_tell_a_hidden_story

Please Note! TED Talks can be found on both the TED website and on the TED YouTube channel. If the video being cited was watched on the TED YouTube channel, cite the source as a YouTube video with all of the information as it appears on the YouTube upload, e.g.: Mohammed, E. (2014, September 24). The courage to tell a hidden story. [Video]. TEDTalks. YouTube. https://youtu.be/9Eobo04R7-Y

Parenthetical Citation 
(Speaker, Year), e.g.: (Mohammed, 2002)

Narrative Citation
Speaker (Year), e.g.: Mohammed (2015)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.12)
Uploader. (Date). Title of work [Description]. Host Site. URL.

Example:
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (2016, September 7) What is a copyright? (Canada) [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/ljNS5p3cqls

Parenthetical Citation 
(Uploader, Year), e.g.: (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, 2016)

Narrative Citation
Uploader (Year), e.g.: Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (2015)

Please Note!

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020). Library staff have reviewed the information in this guide, and to the best of our knowledge, it is accurate. However, mistakes do occur. Students bear sole responsibility for ensuring that their citations are correct, and that their assignments meet the criteria laid out by their instructor. Students are encouraged to contact Peer Tutoring or the Writing Clinic for assistance.