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APA Citation & Formatting : Books & eBooks

Attention Students!

This guide covers APA 7th Edition. Your instructor may choose to use APA 6th Edition. Please make sure that you are using the citation style required by your instructor.

This guide is a starting point only. For full details on correctly citing resources and creating references, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020).

How Do I Cite Books & eBooks?

Reference List Entry: Format (10.2)
Author, A. (Date). Title of book. Publisher name.

Please Note! To find the date of publication and the name of the publisher for a book, check the title page verso. This page contains all of the publishing information, and is usually the second or third page in a book. It appears before any indexes or introductions to the book.

Example:
Roach, K. (2019). Canadian justice, Indigenous injustice: the Gerald Stanley and Colten Boushie case. McGill-Queen's University Press.

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), e.g.: (Roach, 2019)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), e.g.: (Roach, 2019, p. 33)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), e.g.: Roach (2019)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), e.g.: Roach (2019, p. 33)

Reference List Entry: Format (10.2)
Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Date). Title. Publisher.

Please Note! To find the date of publication and the name of the publisher for a book, check the title page verso. This page contains all of the publishing information, and is usually the second or third page in a book. It appears before any indexes or introductions to the book.

Example: 
Martucci Lamarre, H. & McClughan, K. (2014). Career focus Canada: a personal job search guide (6th ed.). Pearson Canada.

Remember! In a reference list entry, up to 20 authors' names can be listed. Each name is separated by a comma, with an ampersand (&) used before the final author's name (9.8).

Remember! The edition statement is part of the title. If a work has an edition statement, the edition is included in parentheses following the title (10.2). The edition is not included in the in-text citation.

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author & Author, Date) or (Author et al., Date) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (e.g.: (Martucci Lamarre & McClughan, 2014) 

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author & Author, Date, Page number) or (Author et al., Date, page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (Martucci Lamarre & McClughan, 2014, p. 15) 

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author and Author (Date) or Author et al. (Date) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Martucci Lamarre and McClughan (2014) 

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author and Author (Date, Page number) or Author et al. (Date, page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Martucci Lamarre and McClughan (2014, p. 45)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al. For example, the book Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing was edited by Wendy Diane Duggleby, Barbara J. Astle, Patricia A. Stockert, Amy M. Hall, Anne Griffin Perry, and Patricia Ann Potter. The in-text citation for this book would read, (Duggleby et. al., 2019) or Duggleby et. al. (2019).

Reference List Entry: Format (10.2)
Author, A. (Date). Title of book. (Translator). Publisher name.

Please Note! To find the date of publication and the name of the publisher for a book, check the title page verso. This page contains all of the publishing information, and is usually the second or third page in a book. It appears before any indexes or introductions to the book.

What if the original work and the translated work were published in different years? (9.39)
If the original work and the translated work were published in different years, include the publication date of the original work at the very end of the reference list entry in brackets, e.g.: Author, A. (Date). Title of book. (Translator). Publisher name. (Original work published Date).

Example:
Saulnier, A. (2015). Losing our voice : Radio-Canada under siege. (P. Couture, Trans.) Dundurn Press.

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), or (Author & Author, Date), or (Author et al., Date) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (Saulnier & Couture, 2015)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), or (Author & Author, Date, Page number) or (Author et al., Date, Page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (Saulnier & Couture, 2015, p. 25)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), Author and Author (Dater), or Author et al. (Date) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Saulnier and Couture (2015)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), Author and Author (Date, Page number), or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Saulnier and Couture (2015, p. 25)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.3)
Author, A. (Date). Title of chapter. Editor, E. (Ed.) Title of book. (page numbers of chapter). Publisher name. DOI [if available]

Example: 
Dahl, M. (2015). Moving forward: Australian flight nurses in the Korean War. Brooks, J. & Hallett, C.E. (Eds.) One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854-1953. (pp.254-277). Manchester University Press.

Please Note! To find the date of publication and the name of the publisher for a book, check the title page verso. This page contains all of the publishing information, and is usually the second or third page in a book. It appears before any indexes or introductions to the book. When citing individual chapters, the chapter title and the author of the chapter can be found on the first page of the chapter.

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Date), or (Author & Author, Date), or (Author et al., Date) for chapters with three or more authors, e.g.: (Dahl, 2015)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Date, Page number), or (Author & Author, Date, Page number), or (Author et al., Date, Page number) for chapters with three or more authors, e.g.: (Dahl, 2015, p.45)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Date), Author and Author (Date), or Author et al. (Date) for chapters with three or more authors, e.g.: Dahl (2015)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Date, Page number), Author and Author (Date, Page number), or Author et al. (Date, Page number) for chapters with three or more authors, e.g.: Dahl (2015, p. 45)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Reference List Entry: Format (10.2)
Author, A. (Date). Title of book. Publisher name. DOI [if available]

Please note! The citation style for print books and eBooks is the same.

Example: 
Donoghue, J. (1993) PR: fifty years in the field. Dundurn Press.

Please Note! To find the date of publication and the name of the publisher for a book, check the title page verso. This page contains all of the publishing information, and is usually the second or third page in a book. It appears before any indexes or introductions to the book.

Parenthetical Citation (Paraphrase)
(Author, Year), or (Author & Author, Year), or (Author et al., Year) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (Donoghue, 1993)

Parenthetical Citation (Direct Quotation)
(Author, Year, Page number), or (Author & Author, Year, Page number), or (Author et al., Year, Page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: (Donoghue, 1993, p. 10)

Narrative Citation (Paraphrase)
Author (Year), Author and Author (Year), or Author et al. (Year) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Donoghue (1993)

Narrative Citation (Direct Quotation)
Author (Year, Page number), Author and Author (Year, Page number), or Author et al. (Year, Page number) for books with three or more authors, e.g.: Donoghue (1993, p. 10)

Remember! For in-text citations of works with two authors, list the last names of both authors. For works with three authors or more, list the last name of the first author followed by et al.

Please Note!

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed. (2020). Library staff have reviewed the information in this guide, and to the best of our knowledge, it is accurate. However, mistakes do occur. Students bear sole responsibility for ensuring that their citations are correct, and that their assignments meet the criteria laid out by their instructor. Students are encouraged to contact Peer Tutoring or the Writing Clinic for assistance.