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Citing Indigenous Sources
- If an author lists an Indigenous name only, list the name as it appears. It is important to remember that although names may be in more than one part, both parts may make up a first name, and there may be no surname. Using the example above, if no English name appeared, the author would be listed as, Hetxw'ms Gyetxw.
- If an author lists an Indigenous name followed by an English name, list the Indigenous name as it appears, followed by the English name in square brackets, with the surname appearing first, followed by the first initial(s). Using the example above, the author would be listed as, Hetxw'ms Gyetxw [Hudson, B.D.].
- If an author lists an English name followed by an Indigenous name, list the English name with the surname appearing first, followed by the first initial(s), and the the Indigenous name as it appears in square brackets.
- List the title as it appears. If a title appears in two languages, list the languages in the order in which they appear, separated by a colon. If the title appears in an alphabet not available in a word processing program, it may be omitted. Using the example above, the title would be listed as, nîhithaw âcimowina: Woods Cree Stories.
- Do not change punctuation or capitalization of Indigenous words; record words as they appear.
According to the Publication Manual, the method of citing Oral Traditions and Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples varies depending on whether the information has been recorded, and if so, how (8.9):
- In select cases, this information can be cited using a variation of the personal communication citation. More information on this can be found under the How Do I Cite . . .? tab.
- If the information has been recorded and is retrievable by readers, e.g., on video or audio, or printed in an interview transcript, book, or article, it is cited in the text and a reference list entry is created in the correct format for the resource type.
- If the information has not been recorded and is not retrievable by readers, e.g., in the case of an oral teaching, APA Style recommends creating an in-text citation with as much information as is necessary to describe the content and to contextualize the information. Because the information cannot be retrieved by the reader, no reference list entry is used.
- If information was provided directly by an Indigenous person, APA Style recommends using a variation of the personal communication citation. Provide the person's full name, the specific Indigenous group or nation to which they belong, if that information is available, and the date of the communication, e.g.: "We spoke to Diana Cardinal (Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory, Ontario, personal communication, November 2019) about . . . ". Alternately, writers can use signal phrases to provide the information, e.g.: "We spoke to Diana Cardinal, of the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, about . . . ". It is important to confirm that the person agrees to have their name included, and that they confirm the accuracy and appropriateness of the information being shared.
- For Indigenous writers who are sharing their personal experiences or the Oral Traditions and Traditional Knowledge of their people, APA Style recommends that the writer describe themselves in the text, e.g., their nation or where they live, to contextualize the information. This can be done using signal phrases. A personal communication citation and reference list entry are not required in this instance.
Resources @ Loyalist College
Elements of Indigenous style : a guide for writing by and about Indigenous Peoples by "Elements of Indigenous Style provides guidelines to help writers, editors, and publishers produce material that reflects Indigenous people in an appropriate and respectful manner. Gregory Younging, a member of the Opaskwayak Cree Nation in Northern Manitoba, has been the managing editor of Theytus Books, the first Aboriginal-owned publishing house in Canada, for over 13 years. Elements of Indigenous Style evolved from the house style guide Gregory developed at Theytus in order to ensure content was consistent and respectful. This guide contains: A historical overview of the portrayal of Indigenous Peoples in literature; Common errors and how to avoid them when writing about Indigenous Peoples; Guidance on working in a culturally sensitive way; A discussion of problematic and preferred terminology; Suggestions for editorial guidelines."-- Provided by publisher.
Call Number: PN147 .Y68 2018
Decolonizing Research : indigenous storywork as methodology by From Oceania to North America, indigenous peoples have created storytelling traditions of incredible depth and diversity. The term 'indigenous storywork' has come to encompass the sheer breadth of ways in which indigenous storytelling serves as a historical record, as a form of teaching and learning, and as an expression of indigenous culture and identity. But such traditions have too often been relegated to the realm of myth and legend, recorded as fragmented distortions, or erased altogether. Decolonizing Research brings together indigenous researchers and activists from Canada, Australia and New Zealand to assert the unique value of indigenous storywork as a focus of research, and to develop methodologies that rectify the colonial attitudes inherent in much past and current scholarship. By bringing together their own indigenous perspectives, and by treating indigenous storywork on its own terms, the contributors illuminate valuable new avenues for research, and show how such reworked scholarship can contribute to the movement for indigenous rights and self-determination.
Call Number: GN380 .D433 2019